In addition to the Wilmington Graben Characterization Project, several other collaborative efforts to better understand and carry out Carbon Capture & Storage in California are well underway. Indeed, California leads the nation in such efforts, going forward with measures to mitigate atmospheric CO2 emissions in one of the biggest energy consuming states.
The Department of Energy’s Office of Fossil Energy established the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB) to coordinate the effort to develop and validate carbon capture and storage technologies in the western states and British Columbia. Led by the California Energy Commission, WESTCARB is comprised researchers from more than 70 public agencies, private companies, and nonprofits in the U.S. and Canada. WESTCARB’s goal is to identify and map the regional opportunities for geologic and terrestrial carbon sequestration. WESTCARB also seeks to validate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of some of the best regional opportunities through pilot-scale field tests.
The Hydrogen Energy California Project (HECA) aims to generate low-carbon hydrogen power to meet California’s increasing power demand while capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and storing it permanently in nearby oil fields to the west of Bakersfield.
The Terminal Island Renewable Energy Project (TIRE), the first of its kind in the nation, utilizes an innovative technology, developed by Terralog Technologies and implemented by GeoEnvironments Technologies, to inject biosolids below the City of Los Angeles’s Terminal Island Water Reclamation Plant (TIWRP) into the deep geological subsurface.
At present, several technologies needed to economically and efficiently implement commercial-scale CCS applications are either still in their infancies, or wanting all together. To develop and eventually deploy these technologies requires a significantly expanded workforce trained in various CCS specialties that are currently under-represented in the United States. The Department of Energy has recognized this need and has generously funded several important university research projects here in California, and across the country, just as they have funded the Wilmington Graben Project.